Scoophead Shark

The scoophead shark is a small hammerhead species found in shallow waters around Central and South America.

Scoophead Shark Scientific Classification

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Chondrichthyes
Order Carcharhiniformes
Family Sphyrnidae
Genus Sphyrna
Scientific Name S. media


These are one of the smallest sharks reaching 59 inches at maximum, with males being 35 inches and females being 39-52 inches on average. Its cephalofoil is shaped like a mallet, around 22-33% of the shark’s total body length.

They are dorsally grey-brown and light below.

Where do they live

Map Of The Scoophead Shark’s Habitat

Scoophead Shark Habitat Map

These sharks swim in the western Atlantic from Panama to southern Brazil and the eastern Pacific from the Gulf of California to Ecuador.

They live in the shallow waters of coastal habitats.



Scoophead sharks feed on bony and cartilaginous fish, crabs, octopi, and shrimp.


Like other hammerheads, the scoophead is viviparous, giving birth to a litter of 1-8 pups. Initially, the shark is 13.4 inches tall.


They use their cephalofoils to detect electric fields generated by creatures swimming around them.

Interactions with humans

This shark is sometimes caught as a bycatch and is sold as fishmeal. The IUCN lists it as “Critically Endangered” or “CR” because the shark’s rarity puts it at risk of overfishing.

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