Genetic is the basic physical unit of heredity and it can help to explain a variety of things, from sharks to humans. Genetic material is carried in structures called genes that are composed of DNA. Together, these strands of genetic information make up an organism’s entire genome which carries its developmental instructions that dictate how it will grow and develop. This means that genetics provides valuable scientific insight into understanding various organisms’ characteristics and ultimately grasping their evolution over time.
How many genes do sharks have?
Sharks are genetic marvels, with more genetic distinction that can be accurately measured. It is believed that sharks possess approximately 24,000 to 34,000 genes. This figure is greater than the amount of genetic material found in humans and much of this genetic material is believed to bring a remarkable level of adaptability to shark species making them some of the most incredible creatures on earth. Although there is still much research to be done to determine an accurate count, it is clear that the number of genes possessed by sharks far exceeds other species making them a unique genetic puzzle.
How genetically similar are humans to sharks?
Humans and sharks may not seem like they have much in common, but genetically speaking, the two species have many similarities. Recent genetic studies suggest that humans and sharks have a surprisingly similar genetic code. They share conserved elements (i.e., genetic correspondence between species) with regard to their genetic makeup, such as signs of mutations and markers for gene expression. These factors provide an insight into important biological processes and physiological behavior found among both humans and sharks. Furthermore, research has suggested that evolutionary considerations are also responsible for genetic congruity between the two species—apart from just the common ancestry link shared by all living organisms on earth. Thus, when it comes to genetic factors and various biological traits, there’s far more similarity between us and thesetop-predators than first meets the eye.