Facts About Hammerhead Sharks

The ocean floor, which makes 2/3 of our planet, brings us a lot of fascinating and almost otherworldly creatures. Photos of these creatures have been shown to the public, with most people refusing to believe that these fish and mammals are actually present on this planet. While being popular than most, one of these creatures is the hammerhead shark.

Standing Out From The Rest

The hammerhead shark is one of the strangest looking shark species out there. However, don’t let its strange factor deter you from this fantastic fish. Hammerhead sharks have an unmistakable scalloped-shaped head, long gill slits, and an extremely tall dorsal fin. These extensions found on their head are called cephalofoil, which change as the hammerhead shark matures over the course of their life. Nobody is sure why the hammerhead have come to develop these uniquely-shaped heads. However, this genetic adaptation has brought about beneficial results.

The Benefits Of A Hammerhead’s Head!

The scalloped-shaped head allows the shark to have heightened senses, including better sight, and smell. On top of this, one of the most interesting facts about hammerhead sharks is that this shark species uses electromagnetism to identify its prey. Think of its head as one of those metal sensors that old people use on the beach to find buried treasure! The shark uses these electromagnetic waves to find and identify prey that may be hiding underneath the sand. These cephalofoil are consistent with each species of hammerhead, and makes identifying each species much easier for taxonomists.


In terms of taxonomy, the hammerhead shark is in the Carcharhiniformes order, belonging to the Sphyrnidae family, and falling in the Sphyrna genus. One of the most fascinating facts about hammerhead sharks is the amount of the species there are in its taxonomy. Altogether, there are nine species of hammerhead out there! However, there are five species of hammerhead shark that are found along the eastern United States. These are the Scalloped hammerhead, Scoophead hammerhead, smooth hammerhead, Bonnethead, and the Carolina hammerhead.

The most recognized hammerhead shark species out there is the Great hammerhead. These sharks are usually found dwelling in tropical to semi-tropical waters, including the Atlantic; from the coasts of North Carolina, Florida, and the Gulf of Mexico. These sharks average around 14 feet in length. However, there have been some cases of these sharks reaching lengths of 20 feet! Lastly, these sharks, like many other shark species, eat many bony fish, squid, and crustaceans.

Hammerhead Shark Teeth

One of the other amazing facts about hammerhead sharks is their chompers. In order to have the diet that they have, hammerhead sharks need to have some strong and specially designed teeth. Hammerhead shark teeth have smooth edges, with a distinct notch on the distal side of the tooth. These teeth also have a deep nutrient groove. In regards to their size, hammerhead teeth usually range between 1/4 to 3/4 of an inch in length.

Visit SharkSider For More Hammerhead Information!

These are just some of the amazing facts about hammerhead sharks. Their unique appearance attributes to all of the amazing information that we’ve gathered about these type of sharks. There are much more facts about hammerheads, and several other shark species, at SharkSider! Our team of shark lovers has compiled extensive lists and articles discussing all of the wondrous sharks found on our planet. We hope you browse the rest of our website and see the importance of sharks in our planet’s ecosystem!