Velvet Dogfish

The velvet dogfish shark is a sleeper shark found sparingly worldwide.

Velvet Dogfish Scientific Classification

Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Chordata
Class Chondrichthyes
Order Squaliformes
Family Somniosidae
Genus Zameus
Scientific Name Z. squamulosus


On average, male velvet dogfish is about 1.6-1.7 ft long, while females are slightly larger at 1.9-2.3 feet. Its slender body has a flat head that tapers off with a long tail. The velvet dogfish has a pointed snout and a short and narrow mouth. Inside the mouth are small spear-like teeth in the upper jaw and knife-like teeth in the lower jaw.

The velvet dogfish is black or chocolate brown.

Where do they live

Although this shark has a global distribution with sightings in several places, its exact range is yet to be determined. The velvet dogfish can be found at depths of 4920 to 6560 feet but are most commonly observed at 1300 to 2950 feet.



Its diet most likely consists of bony fish and benthic invertebrates.


Velvet dogfish are ovoviviparous, i.e., they live birth.

Interactions with humans

The IUCN classifies this shark as “Least Concern” or “LC”.

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