The Smallfin gulper shark is a species of dogfish living in the depths of the Indian and Pacific oceans.
Smallfin Gulper Shark Scientific Classification
On average, males are 2.3 ft, and females are 3 ft, with the record for the longest specimen being 3.3 ft. This shark has a short, thick snout with small, serrated, slightly bent upper teeth and large, hooked lower teeth. Its eyes are large and green.
Its skin is smooth. Both dorsal fins are short with spines, the second being smaller than the first.
When looked at from above, this shark is a greyish brown. It is much paler when seen from below.
Where do they live
Map Of The Smallfin Gulper Shark’s Habitat
They are distributed throughout the Indo-west Pacific, from South Africa and Mozambique to Honshū, Japan, Indonesia, New Caledonia, New Hebrides, and southern Australia.
Bottom-dwellers by nature, these sharks live at depths of 410-2,690 feet.
Smallfin gulper sharks feed mainly on bony fish but also consume crustaceans, mollusks, other sharks, and even tunicates.
They are ovoviviparous and have a very low reproductive rate, giving birth to 2 pups every 2 years.
Interactions with humans
Due to their low rate of reproducing as well as 95% of their population getting depleted by deepwater trawls since 1970, the IUCN has classified the smallfin gulper shark as “Vulnerable” or “VU”.